Recently I realized one of the most limiting factors while measuring doppler head echoes is the limited bandwidth of SSB receivers. Sometimes you receive a really long head echo appearing at 3000 Hz and going down to 1000 Hz, the rest frequency when you tune 143.049 USB with Graves. And you wonder: how high the doppler can be? To answer that question I made an "special IF filter" for my FT-817. The filter is just a piece of coaxial, so I can receive the whole receive bandwidth. A dummy filter.